Climate change is a real threat, and scientists have been warning the public about its effects. Since we entered the age of rapid industrialization, the ozone layer started to deteriorate, and its effects became visible to humans decades later. Scientists discovered a huge hole in the ozone layer, and the global temperatures started to rise. The effects of climate change can still be felt today, and different signs can be observed to prove the existence of climate change. The world is now considering various approaches on how the effects of climate change can be reversed, but scientists are stating that everyone should actively participate because it can come to a point when the effects would stay permanent and a mass extinction event would occur. The following information is the signs that climate change is a real issue that should be resolved as soon as possible.
The melting of the Arctic and Antarctic ice
Based on the satellite images released by NASA, the Arctic and the Antarctic ice is rapidly melting, and this is because of the rising global temperatures. The effects on animals living in these areas, like the Polar Bear and the Emperor Penguins, can be devastating if it will not be reversed. Scientists are also warning that the continuous warming of the planet can lead to rising ocean levels, and it would flood coastal cities around the world. For the last thirty years, sea ice continues to melt, and warm winters can be pointed out as the main reason for these changes. The world is acting on this issue, and governments are hoping to preserve the ice on the poles to prevent the rising sea levels.
The temperature on the ocean continues to rise
The changing climate also contributes to the rising ocean temperatures, and it would have a profound effect on marine biodiversity. The rising heat on the world’s oceans would also result in coral bleaching, which is the massive death of corals. When corals die, the fish population would also deplete, sending the global fishing industry into chaos. Warm ocean waters would also result in stronger hurricanes and typhoons, and it can be devastating to coastal communities. Recent hurricanes and typhoons have shown how powerful they can be, and scientists are warning that it can become more powerful if the ocean temperatures continue to rise.
Another threat that should be taken seriously would be the rising air temperatures over the ocean. Scientists explained that when the air above the ocean continues to heat up, the evaporation process would happen rapidly. This would contribute to a lot of water vapor suspended in the air, and it would contribute to more warming. This cycle would continue over and over, and the temperature around the world would continue to rise. Heavy precipitation can also result from the rapid evaporation of ocean water, resulting to heavier rains and more flash floods. Governments should prepare for the worst-case scenarios, and disasters in the past would pale in comparison. Many people would suffer, and the effects can be devastating.
Land temperatures are increasing
The temperature of the air over land is increasing rapidly, compared to the air above the ocean’s surface. Weather stations around the world are generating the data showing how serious the problem is, and one of the most recognizable effects of the rapidly heating air over land would be extreme heatwaves. Europe and North America have been experiencing some of the worst heat waves on record, killing millions of people around the world. These regions are not prepared for scorching temperatures, leaving a lot of casualties. Another result of the rapid increase in air temperatures would be widespread droughts, and it would have a deadly effect on global agriculture. Crops around the world would die out, and millions will be left starving.
Snow melts earlier, and the snow cover is drastically reduced
People have noticed that snow melts earlier in the present day, and it covers a smaller area than it used to be a century ago. Scientists are warning that if the climate continues to change, and the global temperatures continue to rise, snow would no longer happen to places where it used to be a common event. Many places, especially in the northern hemisphere, rely on snowfall to collect freshwater during the spring. If snow formation would no longer be possible because of global warming, millions would experience a freshwater shortage. There is a massive campaign in the present to reverse the effects of rising global temperatures to preserve the presence of snow.
Glaciers are retreating around the world
During the last Ice Age, glaciers formed all over the world, and it became an important source of fresh water for a lot of people. However, the continued increase in global temperatures resulted in glacial retreat. This would mean that more people will be vulnerable to a freshwater shortage, and it can also pose risks to those who are living in mountainous areas. Landslides and avalanches would be more common, threatening those who are living near the areas where glaciers were once commonplace. The natural beauty of glaciers are also a huge draw for tourists, and when it melts, the tourism sector would suffer. In the 1800s, there were more than 150 glaciers around the world. This number dropped to 25 in the present day.
What the world needs to do to reverse the effects of climate change
Scientists are stating that the effects of climate change can still be reversed, and the government should cooperate with the public to make it a possibility. One of the things that should be considered is massive tree-planting activities. More trees on the planet’s surface would mean that the excess carbon dioxide would be transformed into a huge supply of oxygen. Considering a shift in people’s diet would also have a positive effect in reversing the effects of climate change. Livestock farming has a negative effect on the world’s climate, as farm animals produce a lot of methane which can destroy the atmosphere. When people shift to a vegetarian diet, climate change can be slowed down, and eventually reversed.